BBH2022 Round Table on Digital and Inclusive City

How do we go beyond an inclusive digital city?” is the title of a round table session presented at the Bandung-Belgrade-Havana International Conference in Bandung (Indonesia) on November 09, 2022. It is a group work on digital culture and the city developed by scholars from different institutions and fields from France, Brazil, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. The work presented multicultural aspects of city thought in its digital forms and inclusive models and conditions.

The International Conference was organized by colleagues from the GRIC research laboratory at Le Havre Normandy University, the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya and Universitas Udayana Bali, with the participation of hundreds of scholars from 54 countries, from 07 to November 14, 2022, in Indonesia. It has Patronage Board, Honorary Board and Scientific Board; and three committees: International Organising Committee, National Organising Committee (Indonesia) and Local Organising Committee (Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya and Bali).

The authors of the collective round table were Dorien Kartikawangi (1), Nia Sarinastiti (2), Rowena Capulong Reyes (3), Jantima Kheokao (4), Monvadee Siripremruedee (5) Célia Matsunaga (6), Nayara Moreno (7), Virginia Tiradentes (8), and Hadi Saba Ayon (9).

Digital has taken over the city, thanks to its network of infrastructures, dematerialized services (e-administration, e-commerce), and of course, uses that strongly redraw the way of living today. How does the digital culture modify the structure of the city, its space, and its living forms? How to inhabit the physical and digital environments of the city? The city does not have one definition or model. However, it has one common characteristic: gathering people in a specific place with a central authority. In his essay Two linguistic models of the city (Deux modèles linguistiques de la cité), Emile Beneviste (1974) exploits an opposition between the Roman and Greek versions of the city. In Latin, the word “civis” indicates a relationship of reciprocity and interdependence between two individuals or groups. Its correct translation is not “citizen” but “fellow citizen”.
In Greek, the word “polis” defines citizens and citizenship. “Polis” specifies the rules of membership, the rights of participation in the city’s activity, and what results from it: the responsibility and privileges linked to citizenship. The differentiation between the two words, the two models, draws limits between full participation in the city and a confident presence.
What about the citizens and their participation in the digital city? How to include those who do not belong to the city, transformed continuously by digital technology and reshaped in its space, architecture and role? Milad Doueihi wrote about a “new virtual urbanism” (2011) that has become our refuge and the space for our activities. It has its architecture, aesthetics, values, literature and agents. According to him, it constitutes hybrid urbanism inhabited by traces, documents, and fragments but also animated by the voice and the body, by a different temporality, or a new culture. According to Philippe Vidal (2018), digital technology creates territorial differentiation (between spaces) and social differentiation within the same space, for example, within the same city. The city’s digitalization increases the possibilities for making society more inclusive, but the “smart city” generates many obstacles and risks of exclusion for diverse individuals and populations.

The round table, divided into two sessions, questioned how digital technology’s social and cultural uses redefine everyday life’s diverse practices. It brought two topics from Indonesia: the first addresses the need for social participation in sustainable, inclusive cities. It discusses three main interrelated: city and differences, sustainable city, and inclusive city. It talked about how digital technology creates connectivity and transforms services and culture.

The second topic questioned how can business become inclusive in the digital era and highlighted inclusive services design at the heart of a government’s mission that can help tackle complex issues and build trust with customers/citizens more effectively. It talked about inclusiveness, connecting the city with business. In addition, when an innovation mindset is six times higher in the “most-equal” cultures – workplace environments, it helps everyone attain higher positions – compared to the “least-equal”.

Another topic from the Philippines presented Manila as a smart city and discussed the digital social participation of its inhabitants. It talked about the city of Manila on Facebook, showing how users/inhabitants engage with the city and its information. It gave an example using data from October 25 to 31, 2022, showing that Tourism, Culture and Arts are the highest engagements, followed by Disaster and Risk Services. It pointed out that good governance in a digital space is also brought to the fore. It concluded with a C.I.T.Y proposal to achieve the full potential of a highly engaged digital city based on developing Consistency, Inclusivity, Training and Yield.

From Brazil, three presentations evoked the city’s artistic, commercial and educational aspects. The first deals with structuring the Brazilian handicraft management system and comprises diagnosis and strategic planning. One of the several aspects raised in this work is the need to increase the insertion and use of digital technology in the feasibility of formalizing and training artisans and marketing via e-commerce of the artefacts they produce.

The second discusses a unified virtual space for art and crafts exhibitions. It suggests a mobile application where artisans and artists can promote their work and get in touch with customers.

Moreover, as the city in the Amazon region can take the form of villages inhabited by indigenous communities, the third topic seeks to evaluate the process of indigenous Education, considering the use of technological devices. It discusses implementing an indigenous virtual library model that will assist elementary and high school students based on crafts productions of the Munduruku of Bragança indigenous group.
Furthermore, a final presentation from Thailand brought to the debate a special touch: Discussing the city from the point of view of colours and talking about the Thai colour scheme that connotes Thai identity in packaging design for brand communication.

The Bandung-Belgrade-Havana International Conference is a part of the Bandung Spirit Conference Series, community-based conferences organised around the Bandung Spirit Ideals. It is conceived as a shared space based on a common concern on global issues among international scholars, activists of social movements, academic institutions and public services inspired by the Bandung Spirit. It is a collective work to formulate recommendations to be submitted to world political leaders. In addition to sharing academic works, speakers and participants are supposed to participate in elaborating the recommendations.

  • 1) School of Communication, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia.
  • 2) School of Communication, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia.
  • 3) Institute of Arts and Science, Far Eastern University, the Philippines.
  • 4) Department of Communication Arts, University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, Thailand.
  • 5) Monvadee Siripremruedee
  • 6) Faculty of Communication, University of Brasilia, Brazil.
  • 7) Department of Design, University of Brasilia, Brazil.
  • 8) Department of Design, University of Brasilia, Brazil.
  • 9) UMR 6266 CNRS IDÉES, Le Havre Normandy University, France.
  • Presentations from Indonesia, the Philippines, Brazil and Thailand on the digital and inclusive city at the BBH 2022 International Conference in Bandung-Indonesia.
  • In the plenary session of the BBH 2022 International Conference in Bandung: “NEFOS IS BACK!” (BRICS, NAM AND OTHER EMERGING FORCES IN A GLOBAL RESTRUCTURING”.
  • With Beatriz Bissio (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), Marina Shilina (the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics in Moscow), Azzah Kania Budianto and Sayf Muhammad Alaydrus (Universitas Airlangga in Surabaya and Secretariat of BBH International Conference), Rowena Capulong Reyes (FEU-Manila), Dorien Kartikawangi and Nia Sarinastiti (Atma Jaya-Jakarta)
    Rania Nuralfath (Universitas Padjadjaran in Bandung and Secretariat of BBH International Conference).
Advertisement

Communication and digital trace workshop at UTCC-Bangkok

The workshop on “Communication and digital trace: methodology, writing and memory” was intended for PhD students and organized by the Department of Communication Arts at the University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce in Bangkok.

Photos source: Supitcha Pornsuksawat.

In this workshop we tried to define what is digital culture and what are the challenges it brings to communication and to the research in this field (methodology, methods and writing).

We also questioned the accumulation of digital traces and their use for diverse purposes by different actors, their availability, accessibility, security, and preservation. We discuss questions about the memory and its characteristics in the digital era.

The content presented, based especially on French and North American works, refers to recent reflections on Internet and digital culture given by:

  • Milad Doueihi [American-Lebanese historian of religions];
  • Marcello Vitali-Rosati [Université de Montréal];
  • Dominique Cardon [French sociologist];
  • Louise Merzeau [French school on Trace – Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense];
  • Béatrice Galinon-Mélénec [French school on Trace and Founder of the e. laboratory on Human Trace Complex System Digital Campus UNESCO– Le Havre Normandy University]
  • Emmanuel Souchier [Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences de l’information et de la Communication (Celsa), Université Paris-Sorbonne]; and other academics.

Round table on Trace, E-Health And Ethics: The Case of Health-Tech in Indonesia

Ce travail a été présenté à la conférence The Rise of Asia 2022 organisée par le laboratoire de recherche GRIC à l’Université Le Havre Normandie en France. Il est le fruit d’une collaboration académique entre des chercheurs et des institutions de trois pays: la France, l’Indonésie et les Philippines.

Auteurs: SABA AYON Hadi; GALINON-MELENEC Béatrice; COLLOC Joël; KARTIKAWANGI Dorien; SARINASTITI Nia; CAPULONG REYES Rowena

Health is one of the areas shattered by digital culture long before the Covid-19 pandemic accelerated its transformation. Based on computing processes, the information derived from the communication between the user/patient and the (para)medical representative is shaped by algorithmic calculations as well as social practices produced by the set of intertwined technologies. According to the World Health Organization (2015), many countries in the South-East Asia region have implemented various projects in the area of e-health (Bhutan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Maldives, Bangladesh, Indonesia, India and Sri Lanka). Indonesia is one of the countries witnessing a growing development of their digital health services. A 20201 study shows that the e-health universe in Indonesia comprises on the one hand, companies that disseminate information intended for the general public on health, (diagnosis, practical advice, addresses, etc.); and on the other, tools allowing remote consultations, video conferences, purchase of drugs, etc. This kind of information and communication displaces, redefines and reshapes the form of knowledge, formats and methods (Doueihi, 2011) and questions the viability and the legitimacy of some well-established social and cultural norms together with their legal frameworks.

How is the health technology system changing communication? What happens to the complexity of the “body-trace” (Galinon-Mélénec, 2011, 2017) when it turns into “digital traces”? How are digital traces highlighted in the e-health process and how do they affect the relationship between patient and doctor? What is the role of Artificial Intelligence in improving public health while remaining ethical? How do users participate in the health online culture in Indonesia, and how can we measure/evaluate their participation? How could the use of digital media be efficient in marketing and PR strategies?

This cross-cultural round table, that gathers academics from France, Indonesia and the Philippines, aims at discussing the topics of health, information and communication from different backgrounds and approaches.

1This study is conducted by Dorien Kartikawangi and Hadi Saba Ayon started in 2020 in Indonesia and is still in progress. It aims at analyzing the reality and organization of the Health-tech in Indonesia to forward availability-map of services, usage, content, and performance.

• Dorien Kartikawangi (School of Communication, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia)
• Rowena Capulong Reyes (Institute of Arts and Science, Far Eastern University, Philippines)
• Nia Sarinastiti (School of Communication, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia)
• Béatrice Galinon-Mélénec (UMR 6266 CNRS IDÉES, Université Le Havre Normandie, France)
• Joël Colloc (UMR 6266 CNRS IDÉES, Université Le Havre Normandie, France)
• Hadi Saba Ayon (UMR 6266 CNRS IDÉES, Université Le Havre Normandie, France; School of Communication, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia).

voir plus sur: https://onhumantrace.hypotheses.org/5695